1Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist, Business Coach, Social psychiatrist Centrum Dr. Meyers, Dorsten, Praxis Dr. Meyers, Hamburg, Germany
*Corresponding Author: Ralph Meyers, Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Psychotherapist, Business Coach, Social psychiatrist Centrum Dr. Meyers, Dorsten, Praxis Dr. Meyers, Hamburg, Germany.
|ReceivedDec 13, 2022||RevisedDec 20, 2022||AcceptedDec 24, 2022||PublishedJan 13, 2023|
Case study about a 57-year-old head of publishing house, who suffered from ADHD with much impulsivity and mood changes, depression and eating disorders as well as persisting primitive reflexes, that worked as catalyst to the above-mentioned symptoms. This case report shows, how it was able to overcome all these conditions in 13 months of combined treatment with LDX in decreasing dosage, Neurofeedback (z-score training) and Reflex Integration Program (RIP®), that have been developed and published in 2021. Treatment results have been continually monitored with the OPATUS CPTa, a test measuring attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Two q-EEGs have been performed, one at baseline and other after conclusion of NFB and several clinical appointments monitoring neurological improvement and psychiatric evaluations in order to continue the decreasing dosage of medication, which was stopped after 10 months of the initial assessment. This case report represents uniquity, because such a quick improvement was not expected in this short time, which would be normal, when treating children with equal conditions.
ADHD; LDX; NFB; OPATUS CPTa®; PPR; Persisting preborn reflexes; RIP®.
ADD: Attention Deficit Disorder; ADHD: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; CPTa: Continuous Performance Test (plus activity); LDX: Lisdexamfetamin; NFB: Neurofeedback; PPR: Primitive Preborn Reflexes; qEEG: Quantitative EEG; RIP®: Reflex Integrations Program; TAU: Treatment As Usual
The clinics in Hamburg and Dorsten, Germany, provide assessment and treatment for all kinds of mental health disorders including cooperation of different mental health professionals (e.g.-social psychiatric treatment).
At an advanced training course at an international convention in late 2004 in San Diego, researchers presented an animal model of ADHD with brain scans to guide stimulants. Researchers illustrated, that after treatment there was an increase in the stimulus-processing structures in the brain, which is a learning process with direct restrictions on the brain structure. Today, these results are supported by Damatac, et al. .
Since then, the patients who were treated, have been checked for the signs of learning processes occurring during successful treatment. This could initially be read off indirectly only. However, today precise measurement and differential diagnostics are being used not only to determine subtypes of ADHD, offering a better primary selection of the appropriate treatment method but also to optimize treatment results and thus better support the desired learning process of the brain.
A holistic way of assessment has been established, that includes anamnesis, psychiatric, neurologic and general medical examination as well as regular screening for persistence of primitive preborn reflexes. The first assessment includes the OPATUS CPTa as well , when the question involves symptoms of ADHD (with or without hyperactivity). A q-EEG may give additional information, if neurofeedback z-score training is an option.
More of the procedure for diagnosis and differential diagnosis for patients with suspected ADHD has been published in “ADHD is curable” .
This book explains in extenso the proposed way of assessment and treatment control for ADD or ADHD. After confirmation of this disorder, a test for the subtype will be performed, and then the most promising way of treatment will be decided.
This case study depicts, how assessment is done and what treatment with different parallel therapy paths may be achieved.
The patient reported “chaos in the head”, disorganization, forgetfulness, unpunctuality, suspected ADHD, complained overweight, eating disorders (bulimia with overweight) and mood swings.
Pre-treatment: Inpatient rehabilitation clinic
ADHD suspected for the first time and adjusted to LDX70.
Reason for new assessment: The patient wanted a review of medication and asked for possible alternatives via NFB or other forms of concentration training and coaching for structured work (CBT).
No bradydysdiadochokinesis, no evidence of disturbance in the cranial nerves, and also regarding tone, trophicity and motility in the upper and lower extremities. No sensory disturbances and meningism. Strength was measured-balance in one-legged stance was very unsteady, increased when eyes were closed; extreme unsteadiness in noisy surroundings. Crossed the midline regularly but cognitively controlled. FTO regular, residual reflexes: ATNR 50-75%, STNR 0%, SG 0%, TLR 50%, MORO 50% persisting.
Affect sensitive, Contact: according to situation, Mood: unstable, Drive: slightly increased, Consciousness: clear, Orientation: good, Formal thinking: coherent, and Content thinking: accusations of guilt and insufficiency.
Test psychological findings
OPATUS CPTa under 70mg LDX: reaction time 645ms, pulse error 1.2%, outlet error0.4%, total error: 0.8%, motor agitation: 0.8%, assessment: overdosed with LDX 70mg (Figure 1).
Figure 1: OPATUS CPTa results (at beginning of treatment, under 70mg LDX, overdosed).
Epicrisis and procedure
According to the examinations carried out, ADHD showed under 70mg of lisdexamfetamine (LDX), which was thus slightly overdosed and too dampening, as well as affecting the patient’s emotionality.
In the neurological examination, there was evidence of strong balance insecurities based on strongly persisting reflexes after postnatal stress (ATNR, TLR, MORO), which at least intensified the aforementioned affective lability and ADHD symptomatology and had previously also led to compulsions (bulimia) and addiction (nicotine).
Continuation of the medication with LDX in a gradually reduced dose was recommended, in parallel with a neurophysiological treatment for reflex integration (e.g., in an occupational therapy with a therapist with special additional training) as SI treatment. Yoga exercises would also provide further support (ATNR).
Therapy requirement of 2 years with daily 5-minute exercises at home was thought to be necessary.
Temporary CBT to learn self-structuring and work structuring techniques was recommended. Online therapy services would be available with cooperative partners.
Whether EEG-assisted neurofeedback (z-score training) would be useful as a further treatment approach was still to be clarified.
OPATUS CPTa under 60 LDX
Response time 730ms, pulse error 0.9%, outlet
error 0.8%, total error rate 0.8%, assessment: well adjusted.
Under LDX 60 the patient reported to feel better, a little more relaxed, no longer so “up to speed” (Figure 2).
A dose reduction to 50mg LDX and daily exercises for reflex integration and to start with EEG-assisted neurofeedback (Brainmaster® technology) as well as behavioural therapy were recommended.
After 50 sessions of neurofeedback, it was exciting to see what had changed for the better.
The patient wrote about the experiences so far: “Positive things happened mainly through the “Embryonal exercise” (MORO), which the patient did regularly, even if not daily. What was not so good is that the patient’s liver was acting up. The patient could feel it, to be more precise. The patient did not drink alcohol at all any more. The patient was not sure if it was because of Elvanse® (Lisdexamfetamin).
The patient stopped taking Elvanse® three weeks ago. Unfortunately, the patient had a hard time getting going in the morning, despite the caffeine. The patient’s body might had got used to the patient’s "speed?
OPATUS CPTa without medication after 61x NFB and with residual reflex treatment
Reaction time 507ms, pulse error 0.3%, outlet error 0.0%, total error rate 0.2%, assessment:
unremarkable, ADHD could not be seen any more (Figure 9).
ATNR 0%, MORO 0%, fully integrated primitive reflexes.
Significant improvement documented (Figures 10-13).
The patient was still somewhat erratic, but clearly capable of oscillating, affect-stable, able to cope well even with currently difficult partnership situation and in a phase of professional reorientation.
Figure 2: OPATUS CPTa results (at beginning of treatment, under 60mg LDX, reduced dosage).
Figure 3: Summary of z-score analyses (at beginning of treatment).
Figure 4: FFT absolute power (at beginning of treatment).
Figure 5: Z-scored alpha peak (at beginning of treatment).
Figure 6: Z-scored phase coherence (at beginning of treatment).
Figure 7: Z-scored phase coherence (at beginning of treatment).
Figure 8: Extreme z-score development (at beginning of treatment).
Figure 9: OPATUS CPTa results (after treatment without medication).
Figure 10: Summary of z-score analyses (after treatment).
Figure 11: FFT absolute power (after treatment).
Figure 12: Z-scored alpha peak (after treatment).
Figure 13: Extreme s-core development (after treatment).
The combined treatment helped to achieve a treatment result in a uniquely short time. So, it is recommended, to screen all patients with a combination of mood and concentration disorders also for persisting primitive reflexes. This could prove to be the “door opener” for better and quicker treatment results.
Of course, this case report represents not the quality of a full study, but these results are consistent with the experience, which has been published in “Live or die” in 2021  and (Über)Leben mit Reflexen Band–Reflex Integrations Program RIP® in 2021 (German Edition) . Peter Blythe, et al.  first mentioned the effect of integrative therapy for persisting primitive reflexes in the 1970s, which he developed to the INPP® method with Goddard-Blythe, S. RIP® Reflex Integrations Program is a modified approach, which focusses more on body sensitivity and thus may achieve better and faster results.
The z-score training may be an additional therapy to accelerate brain changes, but it is unusual, to have these results in such a short time, usually it will take more than 1.5 years of weekly training with adults.
So, it is hopeful that the future research will show, that a holistic approach will help better and faster than TAU.
ADHD was cured after 14 months, the residual reflexes were extinguished, the patient was stabilized and the treatment could be completed.
1. Damatac CG, Soheili-Nezhad S, Blazquez Freches G, Zwiers MP, de Bruijn S, et al. Longitudinal changes of ADHD symptoms in association with white matter microstructure: A tract-specific fixel-based analysis. Neuroimage Clin. 2022;35:103057. PubMed | CrossRef
2. Meyers R. OPATUS CPTa: New ways in precise diagnostics and therapy support for optimized treatment results in ADHD and other neuropsychiatric disorders. 2022.
3. Meyers R. ADHD IS CURABLE: precise diagnosis-optimized outcome (ADS ist heilbar). 2022.
4. Meyers R. Live or die:Persisting Primitive Reflexes Cause Emotional Problems or ADHD ((Über)Leben mit Reflexen). 2021.
5. Meyers R, Hohmann R. (Über)Leben mit Reflexen-Band 2:Reflexintegrationsprogramm (RIP). 2021.
6. Blythe P, McGlown DJ. An Organic Basis for Neuroses and Educational Difficulties: A New Look at the Old MBD Syndrome. Insight Pub. 1979.